December 17, 2007

Myth Romney: On Reagan, Hyde and Abortion, His History Rewrites Are Virtually Smears

Filed under: Life-Based News,Taxes & Government — Tom @ 8:06 am

Found while looking into even weightier matters — Mitt “Myth” Romney’s claim that Ronald Reagan and Henry Hyde were once pro-choice is not supported by the significant evidence I reviewed.

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Sunday, on Meet the Press, Tim Russert asked former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney a very good question, and got quite the answer (transcript saved to BizzyBlog host for fair use and discussion purposes; bolds are mine):

MR. RUSSERT: Could you be elected governor of Massachusetts on your current platform, the one you now espouse–espouse about abortion, gay rights, gun control, stem cell research, immigration?

GOV. ROMNEY: There’s one what I changed, and that’s with regards to abortion. And, and with my position on abortion was–I was effectively pro-choice and I became pro-life. I did the same–I made the same–had the same experience that Ronald Reagan had…

MR. RUSSERT: Governor…

GOV. ROMNEY: …that Henry Hyde had.

Romney’s response had a pungent aroma that begged for follow-up research. Yours truly has done a pretty good amount of it. Here’s what I’ve found:

  • Whether it’s because he’s fallen for the folklore, or because he knows better and continues to wrongly claim it anyway, Mitt Romney’s assertion that Ronald Reagan’s position on abortion was ever “effectively pro-choice,” or as stated by Romney to Chris Wallace of Fox News on August 12, “adamantly pro-choice” (noted at the time by Warner Todd Huston), is, from all appearances, flat-out false. Perhaps there’s evidence out there to the contrary, but I doubt it.
  • The idea that Henry Hyde was ever effectively prochoice not only seems absurd on its face, but appears not to be supported by the historical record.
  • If I am correct about Reagan and Hyde (there’s little doubt that I am), Romney’s recharacterizations of the abortion positions taken by these men come awfully close to being personal smears of two giants of conservatism who, conveniently for Romney, aren’t around to defend themselves.

Ronald Reagan: Thoroughly Deceived

To get a handle on the probable outrageousness of Romney’s gambit on Reagan, let’s recall some history, especially for those not old enough to remember.

The idea of legalizing abortion in the US, especially abortion on demand, virtually came out of nowhere. The very idea was so outrageous that nearly no one suggested it until 1960. Almost nobody at the time was trying to pretend that there isn’t a developing human being inside a pregnant woman’s womb.

A New York Times archive search during ALL of the 1950s on “legal abortion” (not in quotes) has 35 results, only a few of which are actually about legalizing the practice. 1960-1965 has only 75 results on the same search, with perhaps a half-dozen relating to legalization. Because of the birth defect-causing problems with Thalidomide, there are other articles discussing “therapeutic” and “eugenic” abortions of seriously deformed babies.

Serious discussion of legalizing abortion beyond very hard cases didn’t get going until 1966. According to this Wiki entry, Mississippi became the first state to legalize abortion in cases of rape that year. Otherwise, abortion was illegal everywhere in the US at the end of 1966.

A Times search in 1966 on “Reagan California abortion” shows no evidence that abortion was an issue in the gubernatorial election, where Reagan defeated two-term incumbent Edmund “Pat” Brown.

Reagan was presented with California’s abortion bill in June 1967. Earlier in the year, Colorado and North Carolina had “liberalized” their abortion laws. The three relevant Times headlines that month relating to California are (bolds are mine):

  • (June 7) California’s Senate Votes to Ease Abortion Law; Measure Goes to Assembly — Reagan Says He’d Sign It As It Now Stands
  • (June 14) CALIFORNIA EASES CURB IN ABORTION; Reagan Says He Will Sign It Despite Some Objections
  • (June 15 UPI Report) Reagan Reluctantly Signs Bill Easing Abortions; California Becomes 3d State to Liberalize Curbs– Law’s Effect Delayed

You can access readable pictures of these articles, each of which was obtained from the ProQuest library database for fair use and discussion purposes, by clicking on the respective dates below (each will open in a separate window or tab):

ReaganCAsenateVote1967 ReaganSignsCAabortLaw1967 ReaganReluctantlySignsUPINYT1967

June 7June 14June 15

Here are some key paragraphs from each article illustrating that Reagan had solid prolife instincts, even in the absence of a prolife movement, and that he, with much of the rest of the nation, was tragically deceived by a carefully constructed pack of lies:

  • (June 7) — “Under the bill abortions would be permitted in cases of rape or incest and when a woman’s physical or mental health was gravely threatened by continuation of a pregnancy.”
  • (June 7) — “The legislation would require that any therapeutic abortions be performed in accredited hospitals and only after being approved by a hospital committee on abortions.”
  • (June 14) — “The bill would permit abortions in cases of rape, incest, or when a woman’s physical or mental health was gravely threatened.”
  • (June 14) — “This morning, he (Reagan) said he discovered that the amendments, made more than a week ago, did not meet all his objections. He said he was concerned that a mother who believe she might give birth to a deformed child would be able to have an abortion on the grounds that her mental health was threatened. The Governor also said he favored a residency requirement and tighter language to prevent small hospitals from being established just for abortions.” (Last-minute attempts to include these amendments were defeated, yet Reagan, in what is in hindsight an error in judgment, signed. — Ed.)
  • (June 15) — “North Carolina and Colorado ….. laws (passed) earlier this year ….. also permit termination of pregnancies when the child is likely to be born deformed. A similar section in the California bill was removed when Mr. Reagan complained that it was “only a step away from what Hitler tried to do.”
  • (June 15) — “Backers of the bill contend it will legalize only about 2 per cent of the estimated 100,000 illegal abortions performed annually in California.”

Estimates are that between 1 million and 2 million abortions took place in California in the 5-plus years between the effective date of the bill Reagan signed and the US Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision. Most were supposedly done for “the well-being of the mother.” I think it’s reasonable to believe that Reagan didn’t grasp how the fundamentally dishonest nascent abortion industry would seize on that loophole to create de facto abortion on demand.

Too few — and yes, Ronald Reagan is among them — recognized the scope of the evil that was being visited upon us. Who can seriously believe, in the context of the times and in light of the above, that California’s legislators at the time would have passed the law if they had known that it would lead to 200,000 or more abortions per year? Or that Reagan would have signed it? Imagine that: They thought that “gravely threatened” meant “gravely” (threatening a seriously bad outcome) “threatened” (having an uncertain chance of continued survival).

Oh, and those supposed 100,000 illegal abortions a year occurring in Cali before the law’s passage? Years later, we learned that numbers like these (including claims of “10,000 abortion-related deaths and a ‘million’ illegal abortions each year” nationwide) were for all practical purposes either based on faulty research or plucked out of thin air. The truth: At the time, it was more like 400 deaths annually and 98,000 illegal abortions, nationwide.

Thus, Reagan’s folklore “conversion” to being prolife was, in reality and in essence, nothing more than an admission that he had been thoroughly deceived, as this quote in the February 8, 1976 New York Times shows (link is to a picture of the article that opens in a new window or tab, provided for fair use and discussion purposes):

Mr. Reagan, returning to the Florida campaign trail after three days in New Hampshire and North Carolina, said that the California abortion law had been subverted by medical professionals, particularly those in the mental health field, who, in practice, assisted any woman who sought to abort a pregnancy.

….. “I placed too much faith in those who were entrusted with insuring that the patient met the terms of the bill.”

For Mitt Romney to characterize the Ronald Reagan just described as “effectively pro-choice” or “adamantly pro-choice,” and Reagan’s “experience” as being “the same” as his, borders on slander.

Henry Hyde

The legendary prolife congressman, who died in November, is responsible for ensuring that no federal funds have paid for abortions since his Hyde Amendment passed in 1975. The New York Times’s obituary of November 30 quotes a veteran prolifer telling us what this meant in human terms:

Dr. Wanda Franz, president of the National Right to Life Committee, said, “By conservative estimate, well over one million Americans are alive today because of the Hyde Amendment — more likely two million.”

Unfortunately for Mitt Romney, the Washington Post’s November 29 obit seems to contradict his claim that Hyde was once “effectively pro-choice”:

Elected to the Illinois House in 1967, he encountered what would become his signature issue when a colleague asked him to cosponsor an abortion rights law in 1968. Despite his Irish-Catholic upbringing, he told The Post he had never given much thought to the issue. Once he began reading on the matter, he realized he had to oppose it.

As noted above with Reagan, very few people had “given much thought” to abortion before the mid-late 1960s because it was (and of course still is, despite Roe) so obviously repugnant.

There are no hints that Henry Hyde was at any time pro-choice — effective, adamant, or otherwise — in the Chicago Tribune’s article on the day of his death, Jonathan Turley’s tribute, the New York Times’s obit noted earlier, or Hyde’s Wiki entry.

**************

Mitt Romney claims that he had a prolife “conversion” in late 2004. In doing so, he therefore says he has totally moved away from the following (beginning at 1:00 at this video):

1994 — “I believe that abortion should be safe and legal in this country. I have since the time that my mom took that position in 1970 as a US Senate candidate. I believe that since Roe v. Wade has been the law for 20 years, that we should sustain and support it, and I sustain and suport that law, and the right of a woman to make that choice. And my personal beliefs, like the personal beliefs of other people, should not be brought into a political campaign.”

2002 — “And I’ve been very clear on that. I will preserve and protect a woman’s right to choose, and am devoted and dedicated to honoring my word in that regard. I will not change any provisions of Massachusetts’s pro-choice laws.”

“Now I want the voters to know exactly where I’m going to stand as governor. And that is I am not going to change our pro-choice laws in Massachusetts in any way. I will preserve them, I will protect them, I will enforce them. And therefore I’m not going to make any changes which would make it more difficult for a woman to make that choice herself.

“When I’m governor, and I’m convinced I will be, I will preserve and protect a woman’s right to choose.”

That’s 32 years, at least, of support for abortion rights, and at least eight years of outspoken support.

2002′s Romney riff is at least tacitly supportive of partial-birth abortion, a practice that first became known in 1995. Taken in combination with what he said in 1994 — “we should sustain and support it (Roe v. Wade)” — and the lack of objection in the intervening period, at least that I’m aware of, to partial-birth abortion, I don’t see why we shouldn’t assume that Romney supported that heinous practice up to the date of his alleged “conversion.”

Given the historical record of Ronald Reagan and Henry Hyde on the issue of abortion documented here, only one question remains — How does Mitt Romney work up the unmitigated gall to continue to characterize his alleged “conversion” experience as “the same,” thereby using these great men as crutches?

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RELATED:
- Dec. 17 — Quick Iowa and Political Posts (see first item)
- Dec. 14 — Romney, the Courts, and the Constitutions: The Dam May Be Breaking
- Nov. 21 — Abortion Coverage in RomneyCare

ALSO: Steven at Life News reminds me that Reagan biographer Joseph Cannon had this to say about Reagan’s thoughts on abortion while governor (bolds are mine), noted by Warner Todd Huston at the time –

In fact, Cannon writes that in 1968, the year after the bill passed, Reagan said that “those were awful weeks,” and that he would never have signed the bill if he had “been a more experienced governor.”

In light of the evidence it cannot be said that Reagan was ever an “adamant” pro-abortion supporter who later “grew” into an anti-abortion advocate. For Romney to invoke the spirit of Ronald Reagan in this way is a disgraceful attempt to co-opt the reputation of the most famous and successful politician of his age and an icon of the conservative movement to the aid of a candidate floundering on an issue. Mitt Romney’s abortion problem bears no resemblance at all to Ronald Reagan’s views “grown” or not.

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UPDATE: This post was picked up at Hot Air’s Headlines earlier today.

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15 Comments

  1. Good lord, man. Saying that Ronald Reagan was once pro choice and changed his mind is as uncontroversial as saying the sky is blue. Your (unwarranted, inexplicable) hatred for Romney is making you twist yourself in pretzels.

    Just out of curiosity, are you supporting anyone, or is it more of an “anyone but Mitt” thing?

    Comment by Phil — December 17, 2007 @ 9:48 am

  2. Saying that Ronald Reagan was once pro choice and changed his mind is as uncontroversial as saying the sky is blue.

    It’s also, based on the above, historically incorrect, no twisting required. You’re welcome to counter with other contemporaneous information demonstrating otherwise.

    I would posit that the current folklore arose and stuck during the 1980 campaign as the MSM, which controlled the media in a near deathgrip at the time, exaggerated the history and created a meme in an attempt to suppress prolife enthusiasm and turnout. It’s the 1980 version of the “Bush rejected Kyoto” garbage of the past few years, except today, they get caught (not that they stop repeating it, which they unfortunately do).

    As to the “hatred” thing, Phil, geez, you should know better.

    Let me remind you of something I wrote in my first Bob McEwen 2005 campaign post in OH-02:
    http://www.bizzyblog.com/?p=162

    It shouldn’t surprise you that I probably wouldn’t vote for Bouncin’ Bullheaded Bob McEwen if he was the only person on the ballot. I can forgive him for what he did and said 13 years ago, and wish him luck with the rest of his life, which appears to have been quite prosperous, fulfilling, and even exemplary. But forgiveness doesn’t require me to return him to Congress, and I won’t support that.

    Very analogous situation here. Mitt Romney’s probably a great and even noble guy as long as he’s not anywhere near politics. But in politics, he was a disaster for his state, and he’ll be a disaster for this country.

    Of course, things were found, some by me, some by others, in McEwen’s post-congressional career later in 2005 and then in his 2006 run that poked huge holes in the “exemplary” part. I don’t expect to find those holes in Romney, but, given everything else, I don’t have to.

    I haven’t decided on a candidate. I know it’s not Mitt.

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 10:19 am

  3. Reagan, as Governor of California, signed abortion laws that liberalized it. How is that not ‘effectivey pro-choice’, atleast from a Governing standpoint?

    Romney himself, I beleive, had to be pro-choice to have a political career in Mass. had he been pro-life, he never would’ve been elected and we would’t be discussing him right now. being a mormon, i doubt he’s really pro-choice. just political pressures got to him

    Comment by jp — December 17, 2007 @ 12:51 pm

  4. #3, The WORST you can say about the 1967 Reagan was that he favored abortion for rape, incest, and GRAVE (i.e., life-threatening) THREATS to the mental and physical health of the mother.

    In 2007, the term for that would be “nearly ardent prolifer.”

    As to Romney, if anyone could have fought the good fight in MA and won, Romney could have. He was coming off a perceived-heroic management of the SLC Olympics. He won by 5% of the vote. There should have been some room for prolife passion.

    I’m tired of ceding states to the proaborts, who do not have the ideological majority, just the megaphones.

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 1:03 pm

  5. “”"”
    Reagan, as Governor of California, signed abortion laws that liberalized it. How is that not ‘effectivey pro-choice’, atleast from a Governing standpoint?
    “”"”

    jp, did you actually read past the headline at hotair? You didn’t interact with anything in the article.

    Comment by Ninjapirate — December 17, 2007 @ 1:04 pm

  6. TBlumer, you need to do more research into where the perceptions originated from and challenge their logic.

    Comment by Ninjapirate — December 17, 2007 @ 1:10 pm

  7. #6, NP — This is all I have time for:

    ++++++++++++++

    Feb. 8, 1976 NYT —

    “Reagan Affirms Anti-Abortion Stand”

    Ronald Reagan conceded today that the liberalized abortion bill he signed as Governor of California led to “abortion on demand” in many of that state’s hospitals.

    ++++++++++++++

    It’s not difficult to see political opponents and the media turning this into “he was prochoice,” or creating the impression he was prochoice.

    A comprehensive look at this would require trolling through the TV archives at Vanderbilt, because at the time the evening news had about 3-5 times as many viewers (as a % of population) and had an incredible amount of influence. The morning shows were probably at least 3x more powerful in their influence too.

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 1:28 pm

  8. i’m just reading that Reagan signed abortion legislation into law, in these cases with reservations but never the less into law. Which is effectively “pro-choice” from a governing standpoint…..Romney didn’t go into detail on what Reagan did, but I don’t think his characterization is completely off base.

    Did Romney sign any legislation that was abortion related into law as Gov. of Mass.? curious, I don’t know. seems like i heard him say once it came to his desk he vetoed it.

    Comment by jp — December 17, 2007 @ 1:29 pm

  9. did Gov. Reagan veto any abortion legislation?

    it is an interesting subject, as are all things Reagan.

    He was an FDR democrat at one time.

    another subject, I’ve read Gov. Reagan signed Gun legislation into law at one point?

    Comment by jp — December 17, 2007 @ 1:31 pm

  10. #8, Re Reagan — See my comment #4.

    Re Romney — Thompson campaign cites contrary evidence (first item at post):
    http://www.bizzyblog.com/2007/12/17/quick-iowa-and-political-posts-121707/

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 1:34 pm

  11. [...] Blumer of BizzyBlog debunks another frequently cited myth by Romney that his puported “pro-life conversion” was similar to Reagan’s in a [...]

    Pingback by Pundit Review » Blog Archive » Bizzy Blog Debunks Another Romney Lie — December 17, 2007 @ 1:48 pm

  12. #3, someone more eloquent than me sent me this in an e-mail:

    I’d only add to your response to one of the comments lower down that if a pro-life position would have meant Romney could not get elected, then that is exactly what a pro-life person would have accepted.

    I agree with that. Besides, Reagan won MA in 1984 and all but Minnesota “despite” being prolife. What if he did as well as he did partially because he was prolife?

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 2:56 pm

  13. LifeNews.com covered this several months ago at http://www.lifenews.com/nat3292.html

    Comment by Steven Ertelt — December 17, 2007 @ 3:12 pm

  14. Thanks, Steven. I saw the Cannon stuff you cited elsewhere before doing this post.

    The “new” stuff references some of the things Reagan actually said and did at the time the bill was making its way through the Cali legislature and when it arrived at his desk.

    I added some of Cannon’s and related commentary as an update. Thanks for the nudge. I also linked to a different Warner Todd Huston link for the same item in a different BizzyBlog post.

    ADDED at 8PM: Steven, I also think it’s important to note the proaborts’ deception on “gravely threatening” and the number of abortions anticipated coming directly from contemporaneous reports, especially since Cali’s so-called “acceptance” of abortion on demand in 1967 was one of the reasons given in New York a few years later to institute it there without the mask.

    Comment by TBlumer — December 17, 2007 @ 3:28 pm

  15. (gasping for air) Losing…faith…in (deep dying gasp) Romney….

    Comment by Seth — December 17, 2007 @ 4:02 pm

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